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John M. Kelly Library

Research Guide to Asian Religions

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This research guide is maintained by Richard Carter. It was last updated April 2008.

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

The Encyclopedia of Religion.

The Encyclopedia of Religion.

Edited by Lindsay Jones. 2nd ed. 15 volumes. Detroit: Thomson Gale, 2005.
[Electronic version: Available online for UofT use.]
[Print version: St Michael's 1st Floor Reference Area - BL 31 .E39 2005]
One of the most complete and authoritative works on religion, The Encyclopedia of Religion offers excellent coverage of Asian religions, including the various sects and divisions of the major faiths. Articles include bibliographies and important texts. Accessing subject matter is enhanced by a very thorough index in the first volume.

Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion: Eastern and Western Thought.

Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion: Eastern and Western Thought.

By W.L. Reese. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1996.
[Robarts Library 4th Floor Reference - B 41 .R43 1996]
[First edition: St Michael's 1st Floor Reference Area - B 41 .R43 1980]
This single volume concisely describes the religions, philosophies, and important philosophers and theologians in the East and West. Cross-references to the other articles make it easy to expand on a topic. This reference is aimed at students needing an introduction to Eastern or Western philosophical or religious concepts.

Great Thinkers of the Eastern World: the Major Thinkers and the Philosophical and Religious Classics of China, India, Japan, Korea, and the World of Islam.

Great Thinkers of the Eastern World: the Major Thinkers and the Philosophical and Religious Classics of China, India, Japan, Korea, and the World of Islam.

Edited by I.P. McGreal. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers, 1995.
[Robarts Library 9th Floor - B5005 .G74 1995]
An introduction to Asian philosophers and theologians and their works, this book offers basic biographies of great Asian thinkers, a summary and discussion of their ideas, and a bibliography. This book is useful to students wanting to look up quick references and find further readings.

Eastern Definitions: A Short Encyclopedia of Religions of the Orient.

Eastern Definitions: A Short Encyclopedia of Religions of the Orient.

By E.E. Rice. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1978.
[Robarts Libary 9th Floor Stacks - BL 31 .E24]
An illustrated guide to common and rare philosophical, mystical, religious, and psychological terms from Hinduism, Buddhism, Sufism, Islam, Zen, Taoism, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism, and other major and minor Eastern religions.

Guide to the Gods.

Guide to the Gods.

By Marjorie Leach. Edited by M.O. Jones and F. Cattermole-Tally. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 1992.
[Robarts Library 4th Floor Reference - BL 473 .L43 1992]
This dictionary covers almost all of the deities of the world's religions, including those of the East. Although the articles tend to be brief, this reference includes a thorough index and bibliography. It serves as a good starting point for further research.

The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion.

The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion.

By I. Fischer-Schreiber ... [and others]. Boston: Shambhala, 1994.
[St Michael's 1st Floor Reference Area - BL 1005 .L4813 1994]
This illustrated encyclopedia provides short entries for major figures, faiths, and philosophies of Asia. Its excellent bibliography provides further primary and secondary sources on Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism and Zen.

Sacred Writings
Sacred Texts of the World: A Universal Anthology.

Sacred Texts of the World: A Universal Anthology.

By N. Smart and R.D. Hecht. New York: Crossroad, 1982.
[St Michael's 3rd Floor - BL 70 .S247 1982 SMC]
A collection of sacred narratives from ancient religions, new religions, world religions, new sects, and secular world views.

Internet Sacred Text Archive.

Internet Sacred Text Archive.

[Available online for free.]
A collection of Western, Eastern, and traditional religious texts. It includes sacred books from Shinto, Taoism, Confucianism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Jainism.

Religion.

[Available online for free.]
A collection of links to sacred books available on the Internet. The site includes sacred texts from Buddhism, Confucianism, Hinduism, Jainism, Taoism, Shintoism, Sikhism, and other Asian spiritual paths.

Atlases

Historical Atlas of South Asia.

Historical Atlas of South Asia.

Edited by J.E. Schwartzberg. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.
[Robarts 5th Floor Map Library - G 2261 .S1H5 1992]
A cartographic history of India from the Stone Age to the late 20th century, this atlas provides maps of religious and cultural sites followed by commentaries. It includes an index and a bibliography of further readings.

Historical Atlas of the Religions of the World.

Historical Atlas of South Asia.

Edited by Isma'il Ragi al Faruqi and Daniel E. Sopher. New York: Macmillan, 1974.
[St Michael's 1st Floor Reference Area - BL80.2 .F28]
This atlas describes each of the major world religions using maps, chronologies, and commentaries. There are short bibliographies listing further readings and an extensive index. The book includes chapters for Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, and other Asian faiths.

Atlas of the World's Religions.

Atlas of the World's Religions.

Edited by Ninian Smart. New York; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
[Robarts 5th Floor Map Library - G 1046 .E4 A87 1999]
Historical and contemporary maps illustrating the movement and distribution of the world's major religions.

Research Guides and Bibliographies

Research Guide to Religious Studies.

Research Guide to Religious Studies.

By J.F. Wilson and T.P. Slavens. Chicago: American Library Association, 1982.
[St Michael's 3rd Floor - BL 41 .W5 1982]
An excellent introduction to religious scholarship and reference works related to the faiths of India, China, Japan, and other Asian nations. It includes an author/title index and bibliographies at the end of each section.

Keyguide to Information Sources on World Religions.

Keyguide to Information Sources on World Religions.

By J. Holm. New York: Mansell, 1991.
[Robarts Library 4th Floor Reference - Z 7833 .H65 1991]
Selective, annotated listing of sources on Bahai, Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, Shinto, Sikhism, Taoism, and Zoroastrianism. Includes bibliographical references and index.

Resources for the Study of East Asian Language and Thought.

[Available online for free.]
A regularly updated site offering an annotated list of East Asian religious texts such as the Confucian Analects available in electronic format.

Finding God in Cyberspace.

Finding God in Cyberspace.

Edited by John Gresham.
[Available online for free.]
A collection of links to e-texts, specialized religion search engines, and academic and religious organizations.

Classic Asian Philosophy.

Classic Asian Philosophy.

By Joel J. Kupperman. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
[St Michael's 3rd Floor - B 121 .K85 2001]
An introduction to the foundational texts of Asian religions.

The New Religions of Japan: A Bibliography of Western-Language Materials.

The New Religions of Japan: A Bibliography of Western-Language Materials.

By H.B. Earhart. Second edition. Ann Arbor, MI: Center for Japanese Studies, University of Michigan, 1983.
[Robarts Library 13th Floor Stacks - Z 7834 .J3E2 1983]
Includes nearly 1,500 entries on books, articles, dissertations, and denominational publications on Japanese religion from the Meiji Restoration to the twentieth century. It includes bibliography and author and subject indexes.

Guide to Indian Philosophy.

Guide to Indian Philosophy.

By K.H. Potter. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1988.
[Robarts Library 4th Floor Reference - Z 7129 .I5P68 1988]
An annotated bibliography emphasizing English language journal articles and books on Indian religion and philosophy published mainly from 1970 to 1986. It includes major philosophical categories and provides sources on the political and historical aspects of Indian philosophy.

Religion in Postwar China: A Critical Analysis and Annotated Bibliography.

Religion in Postwar China: A Critical Analysis and Annotated Bibliography.

Compiled by D.C. Yu. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.
[Robarts Library 13th Floor - Z 7757 .C6Y83 1994]
This book provides over a thousand annotated entries on selected Chinese and Western works on contemporary Chinese religion published since 1945. With several indexes for looking up materials, this work is very useful to students and researchers looking for publications on religion in China during the communist period.

Early Chinese Texts: A Bibliographical Guide.

Early Chinese Texts: A Bibliographical Guide.

Edited by M. Loewe. Berkeley: Institute of East Studies, 1993.
[East Asian Library - Z 1035.8 .C5E2 1993]
A bibliography of Western books and articles critiquing and describing the history of Chinese classic texts, including religious and philosophical works, written before the end of the Han dynasty. Modern and old editions, commentaries, translations, and research aids are listed for each of the 64 classics in the bibliography.

Finding Journal Articles

Journal indexes are used to find articles in scholarly journals, magazines, newspapers, conference proceedings, etc. The following indexes are all available through the University of Toronto Libraries homepage. Click on "All e-resources".


Bibliography of Asian Studies.

Bibliography of Asian Studies.

[Available online for UofT use, 1948 - present.]
An index to journal articles and books written in Western-languages about all aspects of Asian studies including religion and philosophy.

ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials.

ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials.

[Available online for UofT use, 1949 - present.]
An index to journal articles, essays, and book reviews on religious subjects published mostly since 1949. This database covers all aspects of Asian religion and theology, including Buddhism, Confucianism, Hinduism, and others.

Philosopher's Index.

Philosopher's Index.

[Available online for UofT use, 1940 - present.]
The major index to journal articles, essays, and books on philosophy and related fields. It provides strong coverage of philosophical materials from Zoroastrianism, Confucianism, Taoism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism and Buddhism.

Buddhism
Encyclopedia of Buddhism.

Encyclopedia of Buddhism.

Edited by Damien Keown anc Charles Prebish. London: Routledge, 2007.
[St Michael's 1st Floor Reference Area - BQ 128 .E53 2007]

Historical Dictionary of Buddhism.

Historical Dictionary of Buddhism.

By C.S. Prebish. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1993.
[East Asian Library - Z 1035.8 .C5E2 1993]
A concise multilingual dictionary of terms related to the Buddha and Buddhism, this book includes a chronology of the religion, an outline of Buddhist scriptures, and an extensive bibliography of primary and secondary sources broken down by topic.

The Buddhist Handbook: A Complete Guide to Buddhist Schools, Teaching, Practice, History.

The Buddhist Handbook: A Complete Guide to Buddhist Schools, Teaching, Practice, History.

By J. Snelling. London: Century, 1987.
[St Michael's 3rd Floor - BQ 4012 .S64 1987]
Snelling examines the Buddha's life and teachings, the Buddhist world view and practices, and the history of the religion, current development of the faith, and biographies of prominent Buddhists. It includes an index and a bibliography.

Buddhist Spirituality: Indian, Southeast Asian, Tibetan, and Early Chinese.

Buddhist Spirituality: Indian, Southeast Asian, Tibetan, and Early Chinese.

Edited by T. Yoshinori [et al]. New York: Crossroad, 1997.
[St Michael's 3rd Floor - BQ 266 .B834 1993]
Discusses the history and spiritual aspects of the different Buddhist sects and how each interprets the terms and teaching of the Buddha. It includes indexes, glossary, and bibliography.

A Buddhist Bible.

A Buddhist Bible.

By D.Goddard. Boston: Beacon Press, 1970.
[St Michael's 3rd Floor - BL 1410 .G6]
Selections taken from Chinese, Tibetan, and other Buddhist sources that study the historical Buddha and the practical and philosophical aspects of his teachings. It also offers a summary of the Buddha's Dharma.

Guide to Buddhist Philosophy.

By K.K. Inada [et al]. Boston:G.K. Hall, c1985.
[Robarts Library 4th Floor Reference - Z 7128 .B93I53 1985]
The guide provides annotated entries to more than 1,000 primary and secondary sources on Buddhist doctrines and philosophy. The majority of the works included are written in English. There are detailed subject and author/title indexes.

BuddhaNet - Buddhist Information Network.

BuddhaNet - Buddhist Information Network.

[Available online for free.]
A searchable site providing resources such as Buddhist history, iconography, ceremonies, sects, readings, directories and links to major Buddhist sites.

Confucianism

The Analects of Confucius: a New-Millennium Translation.

The Analects of Confucius: a New-Millennium Translation.

Translated and annotated by D.H. Li. Bethesda, MD: Premier, 1999.
[Trinity College Library - PL 2478 .L63 1999]
This new translation of the Confucian Analects includes line-by-line translations of Chinese text and provides a helpful background on the history and geopolitics of the era. The source offers extensive annotations, a valuable chronology, and three indexes.

Sacred Texts: Confucianism.

Sacred Texts: Confucianism.

[Available online for free.]
A collection of important Confucian texts translated into English by renowned Chinese scholar James Legge.

Chinese Philosophical Etext Archive.

Chinese Philosophical Etext Archive.

[Available online for free.]
Electronic versions of Confucian and Neo-Confucian philosophical texts. It also offers links to other Chinese philosophy resources on the Internet.

Hinduism

The Hindu World: An Encyclopedic Survey of Hinduism.

The Hindu World: An Encyclopedic Survey of Hinduism.

By B. Walker. London: Allen & Unwin, 1968.
[St Michael's 1st Floor Reference Area - BL 1105 .W34]
Though dated, Walker's two volumes explain many aspects of the Hindu faith and philosophy from the goddess Aditi to the impact of Zoroastrianism. It includes brief bibliographies at the end of each entry and an extensive index.

A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism.

A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism.

By K. Werner. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1994.
[St Michael's 1st Floor Reference Area - BL 2003 .W47]
This dictionary provides brief, general entries of Hindu religious terms and notable individuals. It includes a Sanskrit pronunciation guide and a history of the complex development of Hinduism. Though it lacks a bibliography, this book remains a good source for general readers seeking to learn about Hindu terminology and concepts.

Textual Sources for the Study of Hinduism.

Textual Sources for the Study of Hinduism.

Edited and translated by Wendy Doniger O'Flaherty. Manchester : Manchester University Press, 1988.
[Robarts Library 9th Floor Stacks - BL 1111.32 E5 T48 1988]

The Thirteen Principal Upanishads.

The Thirteen Principal Upanishads.

Translated by R.E. Hume. London, New York: Oxford University Press, 1968, 1931.
[St Michael's 3rd Floor - BL 1120 .A3H8]
A translation of the Sanskrit Upanishads, Hume's work provides a list of recurrent and parallel passages. Hume also provides an excellent outline and bibliography of the philosophy of the Upanishads and other Hindu sacred books.

Bhagavad-Gita As It Is: With the Original Sanskrit Text, Roman Transliteration, English Equivalents, Translations and Elaborate Purports.

Bhagavad-Gita As It Is: With the Original Sanskrit Text, Roman Transliteration, English Equivalents, Translations and Elaborate Purports.

By A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. Los Angeles, CA: Bhaktivedanta Book Trust, 1986.
[Robarts Library 9th Floor Stacks - BL 1130 .A365 1986]
[Abridged edition: St Michael's - BL 1130 .A4 B472 1972]
An illustrated guide to critiquing and interpreting the Bhagavadgita, one of the classics of Hinduism. It includes bibliographical references and index.

Guide to Hindu Religion.

Guide to Hindu Religion.

By D.J. Dell [et al.]. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1981.
[St Michael's 1st Floor Reference Area - BL 1202 .G85 1981]
Although dated, this annotated guide of over 12,000 entries covers topics such as Hindu history, practices, philosophy, sacred texts, arts, holy places, and research aids. The table of contents and index are extensive and make accessing materials straightforward. This book is useful to both researchers and students.

Jainism

An Encyclopaedia of Jainism.

An Encyclopaedia of Jainism.

Edited by P.C. Nahar and K.C. Ghosh. Delhi, India : Sri Satguru Publications, 1988.
[Robarts Library 9th Floor Stacks - BL 1351.2 .E43 1988]
A comprehensive overview of the religious, philosophical, and social aspects of Jainism. It includes discussion of Jainist doctrines, places of pilgrimage, literature, art, architecture, and church.

Jainism: A Select Bibliography.

Jainism: A Select Bibliography.

Edited by Satyaprakash. Gurgaon, Haryana: Indian Documentation Service, 1984.7
[Robarts Library 13th Floor Stacks - Z 7835 .J2S3 1984]
A compilation of scholarly and general interest articles related to Jainism. The focus is mainly on sources published in India.

Jainism: Principles, Tradition and Practices.

Jainism: Principles, Tradition and Practices.

[Available online for free.]
An introduction to the beliefs and philosophy of Jainists. It includes an outline of Jain history, glossary, imagery and icons, pilgrimages, sacred and interpretive texts, and a calendar of Jain festivals.

Shinto

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto.

By B. Bocking. Richmond [U.K.]:Curzon Press, 1996.
[St Michael's 1st Floor Reference Area - L 2216.1 .B63 1996]
An academic dictionary that provides over a thousand entries on concepts, festivals, artifacts, deities, shrines, and facets of popular Shinto. Though there is no bibliography, the author refers to a number of useful works in the introduction and the thematic indexes make it easy to find cross-references.

Essentials of Shinto: An Analytical Guide to Principal Teachings.

Essentials of Shinto: An Analytical Guide to Principal Teachings.

By S.D.B. Picken. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.
[Robarts Library 9th Floor Stacks - BL 2220 .P529 1994]
A good guide to resources on Shinto religion, philosophy, and shrines. It lists primary sources on the institutional and intellectual history of Shinto sects, including new splinter sects.

Shinto Bibliography in Western Languages: Bibliography on Shinto and Religious Sects, Intellectual Schools and Movements Influenced by Shintoism.

Shinto Bibliography in Western Languages: Bibliography on Shinto and Religious Sects, Intellectual Schools and Movements Influenced by Shintoism.

By A. Schwade. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 1986.
[Robarts Library 4th Floor Reference - Z 7835 .S5S39 1986]
A bibliography of Shinto and its influence on Japanese society and religion.

Sikhism

Historical Dictionary of Sikhism.

Historical Dictionary of Sikhism.

By W. H. Mcleod. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1995.
[Robarts Library 4th Floor Reference - BL 2018 .M38]
This dictionary offers concise definitions covering Sikh religion, history, culture, and important personages. It distinguishes between Hindu and Sikh interpretations of terms. The bibliography makes reference to more advanced readings.

Encyclopaedia of Sikh Religion and Culture.

Encyclopaedia of Sikh Religion and Culture.

By R.G. Dogra and G.S. Mansukhani. New Delhi: Vikas Pub. House, 1996.
[St Michael's 1st Floor Reference - BL 2017.3 .D64]
An excellent introduction to the Sikh religion and society, this encyclopedia presents articles on the major aspects of the Sikh faith, folklore, customs, castes, celebrations, culture, and history. It includes extracts from Sikh holy books and a bibliography of books and articles.

Textual Sources for the Study of Sikhism.

Textual Sources for the Study of Sikhism.

Translated and edited by W.H. McLeod. Manchester: Manchester University Press, c1984.
[St Michael's 3rd Floor - BL 2017.4 .A4M35]
Discusses the sacred books of Sikhism such as the Adi-Granth. Includes map, index, bibliography.

Sikhism and the Sikhs: An Annotated Bibliography.

Sikhism and the Sikhs: An Annotated Bibliography.

Compiled by P.M. Rai. New York: Greenwood Press, 1989.
[Robarts Library 13th Floor Stacks - Z 7835 .S54R34 1989]
Includes over 1,100 concise entries on books and journal articles about Sikh religion and society published since 1965. Although non-religious and current topics are looked at, the bibliography is strongest in its coverage of religious topics. The extensive author, title, and subject indexes make it easy for students to access the content.

Sikhism Home Page.

Sikhism Home Page.

[Available online for free.]
Information on Sikhism, including the origins of the faith, its historical development, and beliefs and practices. This site provides a glossary, a guide to saints, a bibliography, and links to Sikh resources on the Web.

Taoism

Historical Dictionary of Taoism.

Historical Dictionary of Taoism.

By J.F. Pas [and others]. Lanham, MD. : Scarecrow Press, 1998.
[Robarts Libary 9th Floor - BL 1923 .P37 1998]
This reference source offers extensive entries on Taoist religion, theologians and philosophies as well as a detailed chronology and thorough bibliography. It provides an excellent introduction to the development of the religion and the status of current research in this field.

The Texts of Taoism.

The Texts of Taoism.

Translated by J. Legge. New York: Dover Publications, 1962.
[St Michael's 3rd Floor - BL 1900 .A1]
An unabridged reprint of the principal sacred books of Taoism such as the Tao te ching of Lao Tzu and writings from Chuang Tzu. It includes notes from the translator to assist with understanding Taoist concepts.

Western Bibliography of Taoism.

Western Bibliography of Taoism.

By K. Walf. Essen: Die Blaue Eule, 1989.
[Robarts Library 13th Floor Stacks - Z 7835 .T2W3 1989]
This bibliography lists over 2,000 early and recent editions of classic Taoist texts such as the Tao Te Ching and the Chuang Tzu as well as Western-language translations of these works. It also surveys secondary sources (e.g., bibliographies) covering this topic.

A Survey of Taoist Literature: Tenth to Seventeenth Centuries.

A Survey of Taoist Literature: Tenth to Seventeenth Centuries.

By J.M. Boltz. Berkeley, CA: Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, 1987.
[St Michael's 3rd Floor - BL 1923 .B66]< br/>
A bibliography of the history and criticism of the Taoist literature of China. It emphasizes sources in the original languages. It includes a bibliography for further reading, a list of prominent Taoists and an index to facilitate accessing sources.

Taoism Information Page.

Taoism Information Page.

[Available online for free.]
A collection of scholarly web resources on the philosophical and religious aspects of Taoism. It provides English translations on important Taoist works such as the I Ching.

Zoroastrianism

Textual Sources for the Study of Zoroastrianism.

Textual Sources for the Study of Zoroastrianism.

Edited and translated by M. Boyce. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.
[Trinity College Library - BL 1571 .T]
An excellent introduction to traditions, doctrines, and writings of Zoroastrianism, Boyce's work provides a selection of original and contemporary Zoroastrian texts and analyzes the history and development of the faith down to modern times. Includes index and bibliography.

Avesta - Zoroastrian Archives.

Avesta - Zoroastrian Archives.

[Available online for free.]
An online archive of extant Zoroastrian religious texts as well as papers on Zoroastrian history and rituals. It provides an extensive listing of websites related to Zoroastrianism. The level of research is suitable for scholars, but the information would also interest non-experts.